Author(s): Mulei CM, Gitau GK, Mbuthia PG
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Abstract A total of 345 calf carcases of mainly dairy breeds from the farms around Kabete area were examined at the post-mortem facility in the Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nairobi, over a 10-year period (1980-1989). About 46.8\% of the total deaths took place within the first 2 months, 31.8\% of them in the first month and 13.3\% in the first 2 weeks. In 23 cases (6.7\%) no specific cause of death was determined. The major causes of death were diseases of the alimentary tract (31.3\%)--mainly gastroenteritis (76/108) due to colibacillosis, salmonellosis, coccidiosis and helminthiasis, and bloat (20/108). The other major causes of death were diseases of the respiratory tract (16.8\%)--mainly pneumonia (42/58), and tick-borne diseases (13.3\%)--mainly east coast fever (ECF) (37/46). The alimentary and respiratory diseases were most common in the 1-30 d age group. The other causes of death occurred in the following frequencies: musculoskeletal system (7.0\%), septicaemia (6.7\%), malnutrition (6.1\%), cardiovascular system (3.7\%), nervous system (3.2\%), liver (2.6\%) and poisoning (2.6\%).
This article was published in Onderstepoort J Vet Res
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology