alexa Causes of cross-over in unilateral neglect: between-group comparisons, within-patient dissociations and eye movements.


International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): Doricchi F, Guariglia P, Figliozzi F, Silvetti M, Bruno G,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Patients with left unilateral neglect bisect long horizontal lines to the right of the true centre. However, when given short lines, many of the same patients mark the midpoint to the left of the true centre, towards the otherwise neglected space. This paradoxical phenomenon has been termed 'cross-over' and is difficult to explain based on current accounts of the neglect syndrome. To explore the causes of cross-over, in a first study we evaluated bisection of 20, 100 and 200 mm horizontal lines in groups of unilateral brain-damaged patients with neglect and hemianopia, with neglect and no hemianopia, with hemianopia and no neglect and without neglect or hemianopia. Cross-over of 20 mm lines was found only in neglect patients with hemianopia. To ascertain further the influence of visual field defects on cross-over, in a second study we compared the performance of two right-brain-damaged patients with contralesional neglect and inferior quadrantanopia with that of a patient with inferior quadrantanopia and no neglect. Patients bisected lines oriented so as to cross or uncross the blind quadrant of the visual field. When short 20 mm lines crossed the blind quadrant, neglect patients showed cross-over; when the same lines crossed the seeing quadrants cross-over was absent. These findings were confirmed by the examination of a neglect patient with sparing of the central 5 degrees of the contralesional left visual hemifield in the right eye and no sparing in the left eye. In monocular viewing, cross-over was present when 20 mm lines were bisected with the left eye and absent when bisected with the right eye. Recording of eye movements showed that at the moment of bisection left eye fixations shifted towards the contralesional line endpoint whereas right eye fixations remained anchored to the centre of the line. With long lines, both eyes deviated ipsilesionally. These results show that in neglect patients ipsilesional deviation in the bisection of long lines turns into apparently paradoxical contralesional bisection of short ones only when these cross a retinotopically blind sector of the neglected space. Cross-over seems to depend on the small spatial effects produced by reflexive contralesional gaze shifts allowing eccentric fixations with the seeing hemifield. During the bisection of long lines, these effects are cancelled out by the strong attentional deviation induced by the marked extension of the ipsilesional line segment. This explanation establishes coherence between cross-over and current accounts of the neglect syndrome. This article was published in Brain and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version