Author(s): Mudado MA, Rodrigues AL, Prado VF, Beiro PS, Cruz JS
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Abstract T-type Ca2+ channels are important for cell signaling by a variety of cells. We report here the electrophysiological and molecular characteristics of the whole-cell Ca2+ current in GH3 clonal pituitary cells. The current inactivation at 0 mV was described by a single exponential function with a time constant of 18.32 +/- 1.87 ms (N = 16). The I-V relationship measured with Ca2+ as a charge carrier was shifted to the left when we applied a conditioning pre-pulse of up to -120 mV, indicating that a low voltage-activated current may be present in GH3 cells. Transient currents were first activated at -50 mV and peaked around -20 mV. The half-maximal voltage activation and the slope factors for the two conditions are -35.02 +/- 2.4 and 6.7 +/- 0.3 mV (pre-pulse of -120 mV, N = 15), and -27.0 +/- 0.97 and 7.5 +/- 0.7 mV (pre-pulse of -40 mV, N = 9). The 8-mV shift in the activation mid-point was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The tail currents decayed bi-exponentially suggesting two different T-type Ca2+ channel populations. RT-PCR revealed the presence of alpha1G (CaV3.1) and alpha1I (CaV3.3) T-type Ca2+ channel mRNA transcripts.
This article was published in Braz J Med Biol Res
and referenced in Journal of Cell Signaling