Author(s): Scheiffele P, Verkade P, Fra AM, Virta H, Simons K,
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Abstract We have studied the biosynthesis and transport of the endogenous caveolins in MDCK cells. We show that in addition to homooligomers of caveolin-1, heterooligomeric complexes of caveolin-1 and -2 are formed in the ER. The oligomers become larger, increasingly detergent insoluble, and phosphorylated on caveolin-2 during transport to the cell surface. In the TGN caveolin-1/-2 heterooligomers are sorted into basolateral vesicles, whereas larger caveolin-1 homooligomers are targeted to the apical side. Caveolin-1 is present on both the apical and basolateral plasma membrane, whereas caveolin-2 is enriched on the basolateral surface where caveolae are present. This suggests that caveolin-1 and -2 heterooligomers are involved in caveolar biogenesis in the basolateral plasma membrane. Anti-caveolin-1 antibodies inhibit the apical delivery of influenza virus hemagglutinin without affecting basolateral transport of vesicular stomatitis virus G protein. Thus, we suggest that caveolin-1 homooligomers play a role in apical transport.
This article was published in J Cell Biol
and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics