alexa CB1 cannabinoid receptors mediate anxiolytic effects: convergent genetic and pharmacological evidence with CB1-specific agents.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Haller J, Varga B, Ledent C, Freund TF

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Cannabinoids are known to modulate GABAergic and glutamatergic transmission in cortical areas, the former via CB1 and the latter via a novel receptor. Pharmacological data demonstrate that several widely used cannabinoid ligands bind to both receptors, which may explain the inconsistencies in their behavioural effects. Earlier we showed that the cannabinoid antagonist SR-141716A affected behaviour in both CB1 knockout and wild-type animals, and its effect (anxiolysis) was different from that of CB1 gene disruption (anxiogenesis). In the present experiments, we studied the effects of the CB1 antagonist AM-251, and the cannabinoid agonist WIN-55,212-2 in wild-type as well as in CB1 knockout mice. CB1 knockout mice showed higher scores of anxiety-like behaviour than the wild-type animals in the elevated plus-maze. Selective blockade of CB1 receptors by AM-251 (0.3, 1 and 3 mg/kg) increased anxiety-like behaviour dose-dependently in the wild-type mice but had no effect in the knockouts. In wild types, the cannabinoid agonist WIN-55,212-2 (1 and 3 mg/kg) caused a decrease in anxiety-like behaviour, which was abolished by the CB1-selective antagonist AM-251 (3 mg/kg). The same agonist did not change plus-maze behaviour in CB1 knockout animals. These data demonstrate at the behavioural level that AM-251 and, at low concentrations, WIN-55,212-2, are selective ligands of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor in mice. Our studies on the behavioural effects of the cannabinoid antagonist SR-141716A and the CB1 antagonist AM-251 show that the CB1 and the novel cannabinoid receptor mediate anxiolytic and anxiogenic effects, respectively. This suggests that agonists of the former, or antagonists of the latter, are promising new compounds in the pharmacotherapy of anxiety.
This article was published in Behav Pharmacol and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords