alexa CB2 cannabinoid receptors promote mouse neural stem cell proliferation.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): MolinaHolgado F, RubioAraiz A, GarcaOvejero D, Williams RJ, Moore JD,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Neurospheres are clonal cellular aggregates of neural stem/precursor cells that grow in culture as free-floating clusters. Activation of CB1 cannabinoid receptors, which are expressed by these cells, promotes proliferation. In the present study we investigated the expression of CB2 cannabinoid receptors and the effect of exogenous cannabinoids on neural stem/precursor cell proliferation. Neurospheres containing nestin-positive and sn-1 diacylglycerol lipase alpha-positive cells expressed both CB1 and CB2 receptors, which were maintained through several passages. Application of the non-selective cannabinoid agonist (HU-210, 0.5 microM) stimulated bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and neurosphere formation. This action involved both CB1 and CB2 receptors as neurosphere formation was stimulated by either selective CB1 [arachidonyl-2'chloroethylamide/(all Z)-N-(2-cycloethyl)-5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenamide (ACEA), 200 nM and 1 microM] or CB2 (JWH-056, 0.5 microM) agonists. In addition, CB1 or CB2 antagonists (1 microM SR-141716A and SR-144528, respectively) blocked basal proliferation, suggesting that endogenous cannabinoids are implicated in neurosphere proliferation. In addition, cannabinoid agonist-stimulated proliferation was reduced by the Akt translocation inhibitor BML-257 (12.5 microM), suggesting a role for phosphoinositide-3 kinase signalling. Together, our results suggest that cannabinoids stimulate proliferation of neural stem/precursor cells acting on both CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors through a phosphoinositide-3 kinase/Akt pathway. This article was published in Eur J Neurosci and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version