Author(s): Fabbri E, Caselli F, Piano A, Sartor G, Capuzzo A, Fabbri E, Caselli F, Piano A, Sartor G, Capuzzo A
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Abstract Isolated hepatocytes of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) have been used as experimental model to characterize the effects of Cd(2+) and Hg(2+) on either basal or epinephrine-stimulated glucose release. Cd(2+) strongly reduced glucose output from cells perifused in BioGel P4 columns and challenged with epinephrine, with a maximum inhibition of 95\% reached at 10 microM (IC(50) 0.04 microM). The epinephrine-stimulated glucose output was also reduced by Hg(2+), although a significant inhibition of about 60\% was achieved only at 10 microM (IC(50) 5 microM). The possible influence of Cd(2+) and Hg(2+) on adenylyl cyclase/cAMP transduction pathway has been investigated, since this system is known to play a pivotal role in the regulation of fish liver glycogen breakdown and consequent glucose release. Micromolar concentrations of both heavy metals significantly reduced the epinephrine-modulated cAMP levels in isolated eel hepatocytes, in good agreement with the reduction of glucose output. Cd(2+) and Hg(2+) also significantly reduced basal and epinephrine-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity in liver membrane preparations. A competitive inhibition with respect to Mg(2+) was shown by Cd(2+) and Hg(2+), which significantly reduced the affinity of the allosteric activator for the adenylyl cyclase system. Apparent Km for Mg(2+) was 4.35 mM in basal conditions, and increased to 9.1 and 7.1 mM in the presence of 10 microM Cd(2+) and Hg(2+), respectively. These results indicate that Cd(2+) and Hg(2+) may impair a crucial intracellular transduction pathway involved in the adrenergic control of glucose metabolism, but also in several other routes of hormonal regulation of liver functions.
This article was published in Aquat Toxicol
and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology