Author(s): Ohnuma K, Yamochi T, Uchiyama M, Nishibashi K, Iwata S,
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Abstract CD26 is a T-cell costimulatory molecule with dipeptidyl peptidase IV enzyme activity in its extracellular region. We have previously reported that the addition of recombinant soluble CD26 resulted in enhanced proliferation of human T lymphocytes induced by the recall antigen tetanus toxoid (TT) via upregulation of CD86 on monocytes and that caveolin-1 was a binding protein of CD26, and the CD26-caveolin-1 interaction resulted in caveolin-1 phosphorylation (p-cav-1) as well as TT-mediated T-cell proliferation. However, the mechanism involved in this immune enhancement has not yet been elucidated. In the present work, we perform experiments to identify the molecular mechanisms by which p-cav-1 leads directly to the upregulation of CD86. Through proteomic analysis, we identify Tollip (Toll-interacting protein) and IRAK-1 (interleukin-1 receptor-associated serine/threonine kinase 1) as caveolin-1-interacting proteins in monocytes. We also demonstrate that following stimulation by exogenous CD26, Tollip and IRAK-1 dissociate from caveolin-1, and IRAK-1 is then phosphorylated in the cytosol, leading to the upregulation of CD86 via activation of NF-kappaB. Binding of CD26 to caveolin-1 therefore regulates signaling pathways in antigen-presenting cells to induce antigen-specific T-cell proliferation.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biol
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy