alexa CD40 ligand+ microparticles from human atherosclerotic plaques stimulate endothelial proliferation and angiogenesis a potential mechanism for intraplaque neovascularization.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Leroyer AS, Rautou PE, Silvestre JS, Castier Y, Lesche G,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to demonstrate that microparticles (MPs) are the endogenous signal leading to neovessel formation through CD40 ligation in human atherosclerotic plaques. BACKGROUND: Vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques prone to rupture are characterized by an increased number of vasa vasorum and frequent intraplaque hemorrhage. Although inflammatory cytokines, growth factors, or CD40/CD40 ligand (CD40L) are possible candidates, the mechanism of atherosclerotic plaque neovascularization remains unknown. Atherosclerotic plaques contain large amounts of membrane-shed submicron MPs released after cell activation or apoptosis. METHODS: Microparticles were isolated from endarterectomy specimens surgically obtained from 26 patients and characterized by phosphatidylserine exposure and specific markers of cellular origin. RESULTS: Plaque MPs increased both endothelial proliferation assessed by (3)H-thymidine incorporation and cell number and stimulated in vivo angiogenesis in Matrigel (BD Biosciences, San Diego, California) assays performed in wild-type and BalbC/Nude mice, whereas circulating MPs had no effect. Microparticles from symptomatic patients expressed more CD40L and were more potent in inducing endothelial proliferation, when compared with asymptomatic plaque MPs. Most of CD40L+ MPs (93\%) isolated from human plaques were of macrophage origin. Microparticle-induced endothelial proliferation was impaired by CD40L or CD40-neutralizing antibodies and abolished after endothelial CD40-ribonucleic acid silencing. In addition, the proangiogenic effect of plaque MPs was abolished in Matrigel assays performed in the presence of CD40L-neutralizing antibodies or in CD40-deficient mice. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that MPs isolated from human atherosclerotic lesions express CD40L, stimulate endothelial cell proliferation after CD40 ligation, and promote in vivo angiogenesis. Therefore, MPs could represent a major determinant of intraplaque neovascularization and plaque vulnerability. This article was published in J Am Coll Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference on Bioinformatics
    October 23-24, 2017 Paris, France
  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Proteomics
    October 23-25, 2017 Paris, France

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords