alexa CD52 is a novel costimulatory molecule for induction of CD4+ regulatory T cells.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Watanabe T, Masuyama J, Sohma Y, Inazawa H, Horie K,

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Abstract We previously reported that 4C8 monoclonal antibody (mAb) provides a costimulatory signal to human CD4+ T cells and consequently induces regulatory T (Treg) cells, which are hypo-responsive and suppress the polyclonal response of bystander CD4+ cells in a contact-dependent manner. In this study, we identified the antigen of 4C8 mAb as CD52. Costimulation with Campath-1H, a humanized anti-CD52 mAb, also induced Treg cells. Anti-CD52-induced Treg cells suppressed the proliferation of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells provided with polyclonal or allogeneic stimulation. When Treg cells were induced from Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) treated cells, they suppressed the response to SEB more efficiently than that to another superantigen, SEA. Furthermore, anti-CD52-induced Treg cells could be expanded by culture with IL-2 followed by CD52-costimulation, and co-injection of expanded Treg cells suppressed lethal xenogeneic graft versus host disease (GvHD) reactions in SCID mice caused by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). This article was published in Clin Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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