alexa CD64 surface expression on neutrophils is transiently upregulated in patients with septic shock.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Author(s): Fischer G, Schneider EM, L Moldawer LL, Karcher C, Barth E,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To clarify the changes in total leukocyte counts, CD64 neutrophil receptor expression and serum granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) concentrations in critically ill patients without infection and sepsis and in patients with septic shock. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Intensive care unit (ICU) and research laboratory of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Eleven critically ill patients without infections and 22 patients with proven infections in septic shock for the first time and of at least 3 days' duration. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Over a 6month period, a longitudinal analysis of expression of the monomeric Fc receptor type I (CD64, FcgammaRI) on neutrophils was performed by flow cytometric analysis on a daily basis in all postoperative/post-traumatic patients admitted to the ICU until discharge from the ICU or death. Out of 273 patients, 11 patients without sepsis had organ failure and 22 patients with proven infections had septic shock for the first time and of at least 3 days' duration. Ten out of the 22 patients survived, 12 died. CD64 expression was greater in patients with septic shock than in patients without sepsis. Moreover, CD64 expression was only initially and transiently elevated in most survivors (9/10) and non-survivors (8/12) of septic shock. In survivors, G-CSF serum concentrations were markedly decreased in the 2nd week. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased neutrophil CD64 expression in an acutely ill population with septic shock may reflect the development of a non-responsive state as well as the early downregulation of neutrophil activation prior to the resolution of an ongoing infection. This article was published in Intensive Care Med and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version