Author(s): Rattray B, Nugent DJ, Young G, Rattray B, Nugent DJ, Young G
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Abstract Joint haemorrhage and subsequent haemophilic arthropathy are significant complications of haemophilia. The pathophysiology involves inflammation and angiogenesis. Cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitors have anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and analgesic properties yet do not affect platelet function in the manner of traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We have previously reported the successful use of rofecoxib in the management of haemophilic arthropathy and currently report our use of celecoxib. A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients with haemophilia A or B seen at the Children's Hospital of Orange County and treated with celecoxib for chronic synovitis, target joint or pain. Efficacy in chronic synovitis and pain reduction was judged subjectively as effective, partially effective or ineffective. Efficacy in resolution of target joints was judged as effective if the target joint resolved or ineffective if it did not resolve. Twelve patients between 9 and 54 years old were treated for a total of 14 courses of celecoxib treatment. All courses were evaluated for safety and efficacy. Celecoxib was used in eight patients with chronic synovitis, three patients with pain, and in one patient with a target joint on three occasions. A response was noted in seven of eight for synovitis, three of three with pain, but no response in the target joint patient. No serious adverse events including hypertension were observed. This is the first study evaluating celecoxib as adjunctive therapy in haemophilia and suggests that celecoxib is safe and effective in treating chronic synovitis and joint pain similar to the previous study of rofecoxib.
This article was published in Haemophilia
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion