Author(s): Chapron C, Dubuisson JB, Morice P, Chavet X, Foulot H,
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Abstract Initially used exclusively for diagnosis, laparoscopy is now a surgical method in gynecology but also in many other specialties. In gynecology, the results of laparoscopic surgery are comparable to those obtained by laparotomy in many indications: ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cysts, endometriosis, tubo-peritoneal sterility... Because of the advantages of laparoscopic surgery over traditional surgical treatment by laparotomy, operative laparoscopy is, in these indications, now recognized to be the best choice of surgical treatment. The most important advantages of operative laparoscopy are the following: less esthetic drawbacks, minimal risk of parietal and infectious complications, lower risk of post operative adhesions, more comfortable post operative course and lower cost due to considerably shortened hospital stay and recovery period. The risk of complications is directly correlated to the surgeon's experience and the importance of the surgery performed.
This article was published in Ann Chir
and referenced in Journal of Surgery