Author(s): Elangbam CS, Qualls CW Jr, Dahlgren RR
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Cell adhesion molecules are glycoproteins expressed on the cell surface and play an important role in inflammatory as well as neoplastic diseases. There are four main groups: the integrin family, the immunoglobulin superfamily, selectins, and cadherins. The integrin family has eight subfamilies, designated as beta 1 through beta 8. The most widely studied subfamilies are beta 1 (CD29, very late activation [VLA] members), beta 2 (leukocyte integrins such as CD11a/CD18, CD11b/CD18, CD11c/CD18, and alpha d beta 2), beta 3 (CD61, cytoadhesions), and beta 7 (alpha 4 beta 7 and alpha E beta 7). The immunoglobulin superfamily includes leukocyte function antigen-2 (LFA-2 or CD2), leukocyte function antigen-3 (LFA-3 or CD58), intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAMs), vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PE-CAM-1), and mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1). The selectin family includes E-selectin (CD62E), P-selectin (CD62P), and L-selectin (CD62L). Cadherins are major cell-cell adhesion molecules and include epithelial (E), placental (P), and neural (N) subclasses. The binding sites (ligands/receptors) are different for each of these cell adhesion molecules (e.g., ICAM binds to CD11/CD18; VCAM-1 binds to VLA-4). The specific cell adhesion molecules and their ligands that may be involved in pathologic conditions and potential therapeutic strategies by modulating the expression of these molecules will be discussed.
This article was published in Vet Pathol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology