alexa Cell communication and tissue engineering.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Author(s): Rossello RA, H D

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) is ubiquitous in the majority of cells and is indispensable for proper development and function of most tissues. The loss of gap junction mediated cell to cell communication leads to compromised development in many tissues and organs, and also facilitates tumorigenesis and autonomous cell behavior in cancerous cells. Because cells embedded in an extracellular matrix constantly interact through gap junctions to coordinate normal tissue functions and homeostasis, our group hypothesized that increasing cell to cell communication, via genetically engineering cells to overexpress gap junction proteins, could improve cell signaling and increase differentiation in interior regions of engineered tissue equivalents. In a recent paper,1 we presented a platform to regenerate full 3D equivalents of engineered tissue, providing a strategy to overcome a barrier in regenerative medicine. These findings suggest that both targeted delivery and cell-based strategies can be used as treatments to enhance communication in 3D living tissue.2 In this addendum, we address the effects of extracellular calcium (Ca(2+) (e)) on intracellular calcium (Ca(2+) (i)), GJIC and osteogenic differentiation under conditions in which bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) also exhibit higher cell-to-cell communication. As a key secondary messenger in many biological processes, the levels of Ca(2+) (e) and Ca(2+) (i) play a role in cell differentiation and may be a tunable signal in tissue regeneration. Higher cell-to-cell communication was achieved by both genetically engineering cells to overexpress connexin 43 (Cx43) and by a high density cell seeding technique, denoted micromass seeding (MM). The results presented in this addendum show that the intensity and duration of a second messenger, like calcium, can be augmented in a platform that enables higher cell-to-cell communication. The ability to modulate calcium signaling, combined with our previous approaches to modulate GJIC, may have an impact on tissue regeneration and therapies for communication incompetent cells, such as those associated with heart disease and certain types of cancer.
This article was published in Commun Integr Biol and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th International Conference on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
    August 23-24 , 2017 San Francisco, California ,USA
  • 8th International Conference on Tissue Science and Regenerative Medicine
    September 11-12, 2017 Singapore City, singapore
  • 9th Annual Conference on Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine
    Sep 25-26, 2017 Berlin, Germany
  • 10th World Congress on Stem Cell and Biobanking
    October 23-24, 2017 Osaka, Japan

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords