alexa Cell-based sensor for analysis of EGFR biomarker expression in oral cancer.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics

Author(s): Weigum SE, Floriano PN, Christodoulides N, McDevitt JT

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and has been marked by high morbidity and poor survival rates that have changed little over the past few decades. Beyond prevention, early detection is the most crucial determinant for successful treatment and survival of cancer. Yet current methodologies for cancer diagnosis based upon pathological examination alone are insufficient for detecting early tumor progression and molecular transformation. To address this clinical need, we have developed a cell-based sensor to detect oral cancer biomarkers, such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) whose over-expression is associated with early oral tumorigenesis and aggressive cancer phenotypes. The lab-on-a-chip (LOC) sensor utilizes an embedded track-etched membrane, which functions as a micro-sieve, to capture and enrich cells from complex biological fluids or biopsy suspensions. Once captured, "on-membrane" immunofluorescent assays reveal the presence and isotype of interrogated cells via automated microscopy and fluorescent image analysis. Using the LOC sensor system, with integrated capture and staining technique, EGFR assays were completed in less than 10 minutes with staining intensity, homogeneity, and cellular localization patterns comparable to conventional labeling methods. Further examination of EGFR expression in three oral cancer cell lines revealed a significant increase (p < 0.05) above control cells with EGFR expression similar to normal squamous epithelium. Results obtained in the microfluidic sensor system correlated well with flow cytometry (r(2) = 0.98), the "gold standard" in quantitative protein expression analysis. In addition, the LOC sensor detected significant differences between two of the oral cancer cell lines (p < 0.01), accounting for disparity of approximately 34 000 EGFR per cell according to quantitative flow cytometry. Taken together, these results support the LOC sensor system as a suitable platform for rapid detection of oral cancer biomarkers and characterization of EGFR over-expression in oral malignancies. Application of this technique may be clinically useful in cancer diagnostics for early detection, prognostic evaluation, and therapeutic selection. Having demonstrated the functionality of this integrated microfluidic sensor system, further studies using clinical samples from oral cancer patients are now warranted. This article was published in Lab Chip and referenced in Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords