alexa Cellular action of thyroid hormone on the heart.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Biology and Medicine

Author(s): Dillmann WH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Changes in thyroid status markedly influence cardiac contractile and electrical activity. The predominant route by which triiodothyronine (T3) affects cardiac action is by exerting a direct effect in cardiac myocytes through binding to thyroid hormone nuclear receptor isoforms. In addition, T3 modifies cardiac action by alterations in the vascular system and decreases afterload of the left ventricle by subtle modification related to the sympathetic system. The importance of T3 nuclear receptor function has been further demonstrated by studies in null mutant mice in which thyroid hormone receptor-alpha (TRalpha) and thyroid hormone receptor-beta (TRbeta) or both are deleted. In mice with null mutations of the TRalpha, a markedly decreased heart rate and decreased contractile performance occurs in contrast to mice with deletion of TRbeta that have a normal heart rate and a normal contractile performance under baseline conditions. Thyroid hormone influences on heart rate are exerted by specific ion channel proteins in the sinus node of the left atrium. Some of these ion channels, such as the IF channel, the sodium/calcium exchanger protein, the L-type and T-type calcium channel, and the ryanodine channel are targets for thyroid hormone action. The increased contractile performance induced by T3 is largely mediated by increased expression of the calcium adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) of the sarcoplasmic reticulum and decreased expression of phospholamban and T3 increases the phosphorylation status of phospholamban. The significant influence that is exerted by thyroid hormone signaling system related to contractile and electrical activity in the heart and the molecular basis for these alterations continues to be clarified. This article was published in Thyroid and referenced in Biology and Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords