alexa Cellular cardiomyoplasty: myocardial regeneration with satellite cell implantation.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Chiu RC, Zibaitis A, Kao RL

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Damaged skeletal muscle is able to regenerate because of the presence of satellite cells, which are undifferentiated myoblasts. In contrast, destruction of cardiac myocytes is associated with an irreversible loss of myocardium and replacement with scar tissue, because it lacks stem cells. We tested the hypothesis that skeletal muscle satellite cells implanted into injured myocardium can differentiate into cardiac muscle fibers and thus repair damaged heart muscle. METHODS: Two series of canine studies were performed. In the first series (n = 26), satellite cells were isolated from skeletal muscle, cultured, and labeled with tritiated thymidine. The cells were implanted into acutely cryoinjured myocardium and the specimens harvested 4 to 18 weeks later. In the second series (n = 20), satellite cells in culture were labeled with lacZ reporter gene, which encodes production of Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase. Four to 6 weeks later, beta-galactosidase activity was studied using X-Gal stain. RESULTS: New striated muscles were found in the first series of experiments at the site of implantation, within a dense scar created by cryoinjury. These muscles showed histologic evidence of intercalated discs and centrally located nuclei, similar to those seen in cardiac muscle fibers. Tritiated thymidine radioactivity was not identified clearly, presumably due to dilutional effect as the stem cells replicated repeatedly. In the second series, histochemical studies of reporter gene-labeled and implanted satellite cells revealed the presence of beta-galactosidase within the cells at the implant site, which confirmed the survival of implanted cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our data are consistent with the hypothesis of milieu-influenced differentiation of satellite cells into cardiac-like muscle cells. Confirmation of these findings and its functional capabilities could have important clinical implications.
This article was published in Ann Thorac Surg and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords