Author(s): Scott RA, Beuman DE, Clark JH
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Abstract The gluconeogenic capacity of mammary tissue of lactating cow was investigated by incubating mammary tissue slices with alanine, glutamate, lactate, pyruvate, or glycerol in conjunction with acetate and glucose (10mM or 1 mM). In no case was any substrate incorporated into glucose per se. In lactose synthesis, glucose was the major source of carbon although glycerol also was incorporated into lactose. Alanine, glutamate, lactate, or pyruvate were not incorporated into lactose at optimum (10 mM) or suboptimum (1 mM) concentrations of glucose. Activity of glucose-6-phosphatase was negligible in mammary tissue, less than 1\% of the activity in liver or kidney tissue from the same cows. Pyruvate carboxylase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, and fructose-1,6-diphosphatase were in cow mammary tissue, but the activities were lower than in liver. Gluconeogenic substrates were not converted to glucose regardless of whether the incubation contained an optimum (10 mM) or a suboptimum (1 mM) glucose concentration. Consistent with the inability of cow mammary tissue to convert gluconeogenic metabolites to glucose is the virtual absence of glucose-6-phosphatase and the lack of excess gluconeogenic substrates available to the intact mammary gland of lactating cow.
This article was published in J Dairy Sci
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