alexa Cellular mechanisms of nicotine addiction.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques

Author(s): Dani JA, De Biasi M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In developed countries, tobacco use is estimated to be the largest single cause of premature death [Lancet 339 (1992) 1268]. Nicotine is the main addictive component of tobacco that motivates continued use despite the harmful effects. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are widely distributed throughout the mammalian central nervous system (CNS), where they normally respond to acetylcholine (ACh) and modulate neuronal excitability and synaptic communication. Nicotinic receptors are structurally diverse and have varied roles. Presynaptic and preterminal nAChRs enhance neurotransmitter release. Postsynaptic and somal nAChRs mediate a small proportion of fast excitatory transmission and modulate cytoplasmic second messenger systems. Although the impact of nicotine obtained from tobacco is not completely understood, a portion of nicotine's addictive power is attributable to actions upon the dopaminergic systems, which normally help to reinforce rewarding behaviors. As obtained from tobacco, nicotine activates and desensitizes nAChRs, and both processes contribute to the cellular events that underlie nicotine addiction.
This article was published in Pharmacol Biochem Behav and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 17th Euro Biotechnology Congress
    September 25-27, 2017 Berlin, Germany
  • 2nd World Biotechnology Congress
    December 04-06, 2017 Sao Paulo, Brazil

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords