alexa Cellular phenotype switching and microvesicles.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

Author(s): Quesenberry PJ, Aliotta JM

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Abstract Cell phenotype alteration by cell-derived vesicles presents a new aspect for consideration of cell fate. Accumulating data indicates that vesicles from many cells interact with or enter different target cells from other tissues, altering their phenotype toward that of the cell releasing the vesicles. Cells may be changed by direct interactions, transfer of cell surface receptors or epigenetic reprogramming via transcriptional regulators. Induced epigenetic changes appear to be stable and result in significant functional effects. These data force a reconsideration of the cellular context in which transcription regulates the proliferative and differentiative fate of tissues and suggests a highly plastic cellular system, which might underlay a relatively stable tissue system. The capacity of marrow to convert to non-hematopoietic cells related to vesicle cross-communication may underlie the phenomena of stem cell plasticity. Additionally, vesicles have promise in the clinical arenas of disease biomarkers, tissue restoration and control of neoplastic cell growth. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Adv Drug Deliv Rev and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

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