Author(s): Henry C, Vitrac X, Decendit A, Ennamany R, Krisa S,
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Abstract Two stilbenes (trans-piceid and its aglycone trans-resveratrol) were investigated in the uptake across the apical membrane of the human intestinal cell line Caco-2 in order to determine their mechanisms of transport. The uptake was quantified using a reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography method with fluorescence detection. The rate of cellular accumulation in the cells was found to be higher for trans-resveratrol than for trans-piceid. In addition, trans-resveratrol uses passive transport to cross the apical membrane of the cells, whereas the transport of trans-piceid is likely active. With regard to the mechanisms of transport, the involvement of the active transporter SGLT1 in the absorption of trans-piceid was deduced using various inhibitors directly or indirectly exploiting the activity of this transporter (glucose, phlorizin, and ouabain). Moreover, we investigated the involvement of the multidrug-related protein 2 (MRP2), an efflux pump present on the apical membrane, in stilbene efflux by Caco-2 cells. The effect of MK-571 (an MRP inhibitor) seems to implicate MRP2 as responsible for apical efflux of trans-piceid and trans-resveratrol.
This article was published in J Agric Food Chem
and referenced in Biology and Medicine