Author(s): Maurer AM, Merritt K, Brown SA
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Abstract The use of titanium and titanium-6\% aluminum-4\% vanadium alloy for dental and orthopedic implants has increased in the last decade. The implants are presumed to be compatible because osseointegration, bony apposition, and cell attachment are known. However, the cellular association of titanium and vanadium have remained unknown. This study examined the uptake of salts or fretting corrosion products. Titanium was not observed to be toxic to the cells. Vanadium was toxic at levels greater than 10 micrograms/mL. The percentage of cellular association of titanium was shown to be about 10 times that of vanadium. The percentage of cellular association of either element was greater from fretting corrosion than from the addition of salts. The presence of vanadium did not affect the cellular uptake of titanium. The presence of titanium decreased the cell association of vanadium.
This article was published in J Biomed Mater Res
and referenced in Dentistry