alexa Cerebral microhemorrhage.


Internal Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Viswanathan A, Chabriat H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With the advent of modern MRI imaging techniques, cerebral microhemorrhages have been increasingly recognized on gradient-echo (GE) or T2*-weighted MRI sequences in different populations. However, in clinical practice, their diagnostic value, associated risk, and prognostic significance are often unclear. This review summarizes the pathophysiology, differential diagnosis, epidemiology, and clinical significance of cerebral microhemorrhages. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: Focal areas of signal loss on GE MRI imaging pathologically represent focal hemosiderin deposition associated with previous hemorrhagic events. Cerebral microhemorrhages have been noted in healthy elderly, ischemic cerebrovascular disease, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), and in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy. Microhemorrhages have been associated with older age, hypertension, smoking, white matter disease, lacunar infarcts, previous ischemic stroke, or ICH. In CAA, microhemorrhages predict both the risk of recurrent lobar ICH and future clinical decline. In patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease, microhemorrhage number and location may be associated with executive dysfunction and may predict the occurrence of ICH and lacunar infarction. CONCLUSIONS: When cerebral microhemorrhages are diagnosed on MRI, conclusions regarding their significance and associated risks should be made based on the population examined. Further studies to characterize the associated risks of cerebral microhemorrhages in different stroke populations are needed to use this new imaging marker in therapeutic decisions. This article was published in Stroke and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version