Author(s): Jursa T, Smith DR, Jursa T, Smith DR
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Abstract Manganese (Mn) is a redox-active element, and whereas its uptake, disposition, and toxicity in mammals may depend in part on its oxidation state, the proteins affecting manganese oxidation state and speciation in vivo are not well known. Studies have suggested that the oxidase protein ceruloplasmin (Cp) mediates iron and manganese oxidation and loading onto plasma transferrin (Tf), as well as cellular iron efflux. We hypothesized that ceruloplasmin may also affect the tissue distribution and eventual neurotoxicity of manganese. To test this, aceruloplasminemic versus wild-type mice were treated with a single i.p. (54)Mn tracer dose, or elevated levels of manganese subchronically (0, 7.5, or 15 mg Mn/kg s.c., three doses per week for 4 weeks), and evaluated for transferrin-bound manganese, blood manganese partitioning, tissue manganese disposition, and levels of brain glutathione, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and protein carbonyls as measures of oxidative stress, and open arena activity. Results show that ceruloplasmin does not play a role in the loading of manganese onto plasma transferrin in vivo, or in the partitioning of manganese between the plasma and cellular fractions of whole blood. Ceruloplasmin did, however, affect the retention of manganese in blood and its distribution to tissues, most notably kidney and to a lesser extent brain and lung. Results also indicate that ceruloplasmin interacted with chronic elevated manganese exposures to produce greater levels of brain oxidative stress. These results provide evidence that metal oxidase proteins play an important role in altering neurotoxicity arising from elevated manganese exposures.
This article was published in Toxicol Sci
and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology