alexa Cetuximab-mediated tumor regression depends on innate and adaptive immune responses.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Integrative Oncology

Author(s): Yang X, Zhang X, Mortenson ED, RadkevichBrown O, Wang Y,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) over-signaling leads to more aggressive tumor growth. The antitumor effect of Cetuximab, an anti-EGFR antibody, depends on oncogenic-signal blockade leading to tumor cell apoptosis and antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). However, whether adaptive immunity plays a role in Cetuximab-mediated tumor inhibition is unclear, as current xenograft models lack adaptive immunity and human-EGFR-dependent mouse tumor cell lines are unavailable. Using a newly developed xenograft model with reconstituted immune cells, we demonstrate that the Cetuximab effect becomes more pronounced and reduces the EGFR(+) human tumor burden when adaptive immunity is present. To further study this in a mouse tumor model, we created a novel EGFR(+) mouse tumor cell line and demonstrated that Cetuximab-induced tumor regression depends on both innate and adaptive immunity components, including CD8(+) T cells, MyD88, and FcγR. To test whether strong innate signals inside tumor tissues amplifies the Cetuximab-mediated therapeutic effect, Cetuximab was conjugated to CpG. This conjugate is more potent than Cetuximab alone for complete tumor regression and resistance to tumor rechallenge. Furthermore, Cetuximab-CpG conjugates can activate tumor-reactive T cells for tumor regression by increasing dendritic cell (DC) cross-presentation. Therefore, this study establishes new models to evaluate immune responses induced by antibody-based treatment, defines molecular mechanisms, and provides new tumor-regression strategies.
This article was published in Mol Ther and referenced in Journal of Integrative Oncology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords