alexa Chalcone inhibits the proliferation of human breast cancer cell by blocking cell cycle progression and inducing apoptosis.


Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Hsu YL, Kuo PL, Tzeng WS, Lin CC

Abstract Share this page

Chalcones are discussed to represent cancer preventive food components in a human diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables. In this study, we examined chalcone (1,3-diphenyl-2-propenone) for its effect on proliferation in human breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231. The results showed that chalcone inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 by inducing apoptosis and blocking cell cycle progression in the G2/M phase. Immunoblot assay showed that chalcone significantly decreased the expression of cyclin B1, cyclin A and Cdc2 protein, as well as increased the expression of p21 and p27 in a p53-independent manner, contributing to cell cycle arrest. An enhancement in Fas/APO-1 and its two form ligands, membrane-bound Fas ligand (mFasL) and soluble Fas ligand (sFasL), was responsible for the apoptotic effect induced by chalcone. In addition, chalcone also triggered the mitochondrial apoptotic signaling by increasing the amount of Bax and Bak and reducing the level of Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L), and subsequently activated caspase-9 in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Taken together, our study suggests that the blockade of cell cycle progression and initiation of cell apoptotic system may participate in the antiproliferative activity of chalcone in human breast cancer cells.

This article was published in Food Chem Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version