alexa Changes in cholinergic and opioid receptors in the rat spinal cord, dorsal root and sciatic nerve after ventral and dorsal root lesion.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Gillberg PG, Askmark H

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Abstract Changes in the distribution of 3H-quinuclidinylbenzilate (3H-QNB), 3H-acetylcholine (3H-ACh) and 3H-alpha-bungarotoxin (alpha-BTx) binding sites were studied with the use of quantitative in vitro autoradiography in the L4-L6 segments of rats 7 days after ventral L4-L6-rhizotomies and 24 hours after ligation of the dorsal roots L4-L6. The changes in the binding sites of these ligands and of 3H-etorphine binding sites were also studied in the dorsal roots of the rats operated with dorsal root ligation and in the sciatic nerves (around a ligature) in the rats operated with ventral rhizotomy. After ventral rhizotomy 3H-QNB binding sites in the ipsilateral motor neuron area were decreased by about 25\% from 100 +/- 5 to 73 +/- 5 fmol/mg wet weight. After dorsal root ligation 3H-QNB binding sites in the ipsilateral posterior horn were reduced by about 30\% from 91 +/- 5 to 64 +/- 7 fmol/mg wet weight. No significant changes in the binding of the other cholinergic ligands in the spinal cords were observed after the operations. In the dorsal root 3H-alpha-Btx and 3H-etorphine binding sites were higher on the distal side of the ligation (3.5 +/- 0.8 and 14 +/- 4 fmol/mg wet weight, respectively) than on the proximal side (0.7 +/- 0.5 and 2.4 +/- 1.2 fmol/mg wet weight, respectively). The same level of 3H-ACh (total, muscarinic and nicotinic) binding was observed on both sides of the ligation. In the sciatic nerve 3H-QNB and total, muscarinic and nicotinic ACh binding sites were higher on the proximal side of the ligation than on the distal side.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in J Neural Transm Gen Sect and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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