Author(s): Lurie F, Jahr JS, Driessen B
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in circulating blood volume (CBV) after infusions of Hemoglobin glutamer-200 (bovine; Hb-200) in combination with 6\% hetastarch in an animal model of acute posthemorrhagic anemia. Fifteen rabbits with a mean body weight of 2.2 +/- 0.2 kg were studied. After determination of the circulating plasma volume (CPV) and CBV, one third of the CBV was withdrawn via an arterial catheter. An equal volume of Hb-200 was then infused in the 5 animals in study group 1. In the remaining 10 animals, the same volume of 6\% hetastarch solution was infused. Fifteen minutes after completion of the infusion, an additional infusion of 6\% hetastarch at a dose equal to one third of the baseline CBV was performed in study group 1 and the control group. In study group 2, equal volumes of Hb-200 were infused. CPV measurements were performed at baseline, after hemorrhage, 5 and 15 minutes after volume replacement, and 1 and 15 minutes after hypervolemic hemodilution using the Evans blue dye dilution technique. The mean baseline CPV value was 53.4 +/- 1.1 mL/kg. The mean CBV at baseline was 90.8 +/- 4.9 mL/kg. After one third of the CBV was withdrawn, no differences in CBV or CPV were observed between the three groups. Replacement of one third of the CBV with Hb-200 significantly increased the CPV (73.7 +/- 1.8 mL/kg) when compared with the baseline level (53.5 +/- 1.8 mL/kg; n = 5; P < 0.05). The difference between the groups was first observed 15 minutes after infusion. CPV was significantly higher in study group 1 (87.0 +/- 2.2 mL/kg) compared with the other groups (80.2 +/- 2.6 mL/kg in the control group and 79.5 +/- 3.6 mL/kg in study group 2). After a second transfusion, the differences between the groups became more prominent. Study group 2 demonstrated the highest CPV and CBV. The two study groups demonstrated a statistically significant increase in circulating volumes compared with the control group. The magnitude of this difference was lower than expected based on in vitro colloid osmotic pressure measurements.
This article was published in Am J Ther
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research