Author(s): Schlemmer SR, Novotny DB, Kaufman DG
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Abstract The expression of connexin 43 was studied using immunohistochemical and Western blot analyses on cell lines of endometrial epithelial origin. Connexin proteins were examined because decreases in their expression and function have been correlated with carcinogenesis. The cell lines were chosen to represent increasing grades of endometrial cancer progression starting from FEEC (fetal endometrial epithelial cells; transformed with SV40 large T antigen) to HEC-1A (stage 1A endometrial carcinoma) to RL-95-2 (grade 2 endometrial carcinoma). Parallel studies using connexin 43 polyclonal antibodies for both Western blots and immunofluorescence showed that the levels of connexin 43 expression were normal endometrial stromal cells = FEEC > HEC-1A > RL-95-2. Consequently, we applied the immunofluorescence assay to analyze paraffin-embedded uterine sections from hysterectomy specimens of patients with normal endometrium and from patients diagnosed with grade 1, 2, and 3 endometrial cancer. Using five different cases from each category, we found an inverse correlation between connexin 43 expression and tumor grade. Our data indicate that connexin 43 expression may be useful as an adjunctive marker of progression for endometrial carcinoma. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.
This article was published in Exp Mol Pathol
and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology