alexa Changes in facial movement after maxillary osteotomies.


Cosmetology & Oro Facial Surgery

Author(s): Johns FR, Johnson PC, Buckley MJ, Braun TW, Close JM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: Determine changes in facial movement while smiling after maxillary Le Fort I osteotomies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients (ages 15 to 38) treatment-planned for maxillary Le Fort I osteotomies were divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 10 patients who underwent superior and/or posterior positioning of the maxilla. Group B consisted of 10 patients who underwent anterior and/ or inferior repositioning of the maxilla. All patients underwent preoperative and postoperative (3 to 8 months) videographic analysis of a maximal closed mouth smile by the Johnson Maximal Static Response Assay, evaluating four landmarks around the mouth and nose (alar base--A, cheilion--C, labrale superioris--Ls, and intermediate between cheilion and labrale superioris--Im). RESULTS: Group A was noted to have a statistically significant decrease in movement of the face at points C and Im. No significant change was seen for points Ls and A. Group B was noted to have a statistically significant increase in movement of the face at point A, C, and Im. Point Ls was also found to increase, however not significantly. CONCLUSION: Surgical repositioning of the maxilla anteriorly and/or inferiorly lengthens the facial musculature resulting in an increase in facial movement while smiling. Likewise surgically repositioning the maxilla superiorly and/or posteriorly reduces the length of the facial musculature, resulting in a decrease in facial movement while smiling.
This article was published in J Oral Maxillofac Surg and referenced in Cosmetology & Oro Facial Surgery

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version