Author(s): Smith MR
Abstract Share this page
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of androgen deprivation therapy on body composition in men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer. METHODS: In a multicenter study, men with Stage M0 prostate cancer were prospectively evaluated during initial androgen deprivation therapy (gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist or bilateral orchiectomy). The main outcomes were changes in weight, percentage fat mass, and percentage lean mass from baseline to 12 months. RESULTS: Seventy-nine subjects were assessed. Serum testosterone concentrations decreased by 79.7\% +/- 3.0\% (P <0.001). Weight increased by 1.8\% +/- 0.5\% (P <0.001). The percentage fat mass increased by 11.0\% +/- 1.7\%, and the percentage lean mass decreased by 3.8\% +/- 0.6\% (P <0.001 for each comparison). CONCLUSIONS: Androgen deprivation therapy increased weight and fat mass and decreased lean mass in men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer.
This article was published in Urology
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research