Author(s): Rka A, Vsrhelyi B, Bodrogi E, Machay T, Szab M
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Abstract AIM: Asphyxia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in term infants. In addition to cerebral injury other organs are also distressed due to hypoxic-ischaemic insult. Systemic hypothermia has a beneficial effect on brain injury. We tested the impact of hypothermia on hypoxic damage of other internal organs. METHODS: Asphyxiated term neonates (n = 21) were randomised to groups treated with hypothermia (n = 12) and normothermia (n = 9). Hypothermia (33-34 degrees C) was initiated within 6 h of life, and maintained for 72 h. We determined serum transaminase, lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, uric acid, creatinine levels and diuresis during 6, 24, 48 and 72 postnatal hours. RESULTS: Area under curve values of aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), uric acid and creatinine during the investigated period and alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) value at 72 h were lower in neonates on hypothermia than in those on normothermia. Renal failure and liver impairment affected less hypothermic than normothermic neonates (3/12 vs. 7/9, p = 0.03, 3/12 vs. 6/9 p = 0.08, respectively). Four of the 12 hypothermic and 6 of the 9 normothermic neonates developed multiorgan failure. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that systemic hypothermia may protect against cell necrosis and tissue dysfunction of internal organs after neonatal asphyxia.
This article was published in Acta Paediatr
and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology