Author(s): Szaroma W, Dziubek K
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Abstract Reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) are vital components of the antioxidative barrier in animal cells. It is suggested more often now that the effectiveness of the protection of cells against the oxidative stress caused by the inflammation process depends on the amount of GSH and the activity of SOD, CAT and GSHPx. That is why the effect of zymosan A (40 mg/kg body mass) and the combined treatment with zymosan A (at the same dose) and melatonin (50 mg/kg body mass) on the amount of GSH in the blood and the amount of GSH and activity of SOD, CAT and GSHPx in the brain, liver and kidneys of male mice was estimated. Animals (n = 108) were decapitated after 3, 6 and 24 hours since the moment of the administration of only zymosan A, and combined zymosan A and after one hour melatonin. After the injection of zymosan A it was found that the amount of GSH is significantly lower after 3 and 6 hours in the blood and studied organs. The administration of zymosan A, followed by the administration of melatonin limited the decrease in the amount of this tripeptide in the same time. Simultaneously, the decrease in the amount of GSH in the studied organs was accompanied by a similar decrease in the activity of SOD, CAT and GSHPx after the injection of only zymosan A and a limited decrease in the activity after the administration of both zymosan A and melatonin. It is suggested that a decreased content of GSH and a decrease in the activity of the studied antioxidative enzymes is caused by the oxidative stress accompanying the inflammation process.
This article was published in Acta Biol Hung
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy