Author(s): Smith A, Quarmby JW, Collins M, Lockhart SM, Burnand KG
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Abstract Current biochemical markers of thrombosis, such as d-dimer, are of little value in demonstrating the presence of thrombus postoperatively, as their levels are elevated by surgery. Thrombosis involves adhesive interactions between the endothelium, platelets and leukocytes. The aim of the study was to determine which of a panel of haemostatic and adhesion factors are altered by the presence of thrombus, but not by surgery. These factors were measured in 20 patients with established spontaneous DVTs, 13 patients having hip replacement surgery and 28 control patients. Circulating levels of P-selectin, VCAM-1 and tissue factor were found to be increased when thrombus was present (p <0.018, p <0.0001, p <0.0028 respectively), but were not altered by surgery. The significance of these circulating factors in venous thrombosis remains to be established, but it is conceivable that they are the product of increased leukocyte trafficking and activity. Assay of VCAM-1, in particular, may be of use in the early detection of venous thrombi in postoperative patients.
This article was published in Thromb Haemost
and referenced in Journal of Thrombosis and Circulation: Open Access