Author(s): Sykes L, MacIntyre DA, Yap XJ, Ponnampalam S, Teoh TG,
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Abstract Pregnancy is a complex immunological state in which a bias towards T helper 2 (Th2) protects the fetus. Evidence suggests that proinflammatory cytokines increase the risk of poor neonatal outcome, independently of the direct effect of preterm labour. The anti-inflammatory prostaglandin 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14)-Prostaglandin J(2) (15dPGJ(2)) inhibits nuclear factor Kappa B (NF-κB) in amniocytes and myocytes in vitro and is a ligand for the chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells (CRTH2) receptor. Here we examine the Th1:Th2 cytokine bias in pregnancy and whether 15dPGJ(2) could be used to inhibit the production of the proinflammatory cytokines through inhibition of NF-κB while simultaneously promoting Th2 interleukin 4 (IL-4) synthesis via CRTH2 in T helper cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from women at 28 weeks, term pre-labour, term labour as well as non-pregnant female controls were cultured with 15dPGJ(2) or vehicle control and stimulated with phorbol myristyl acetate (PMA)/ionomycin. The percentage of CD4(+) cells producing interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in response to PMA/ionomycin was significantly reduced in pregnancy. 15dPGJ(2) reduced IFN-γ and TNF-α production in stimulated T helper cells, but did not alter IL-4 production in CRTH2(+ve) cells. 15dPGJ(2) also reduced phospho-p65 in stimulated PBMCs. In summary, 15dPGJ(2) suppresses the Th1 response of PBMCs during pregnancy and active labour whilst maintaining the Th2 response suggesting a therapeutic benefit in reducing neonatal morbidity in inflammation-induced PTL.
This article was published in Mediators Inflamm
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research