Author(s): Jacob L, Waehlert L, Kostev K
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Abstract AIMS: The aim was to analyze the changes in a German type 2 diabetes population prior to (2006) and after (2010, 2014) launch of new drugs. METHODS: Patients with T2DM in 2006, 2010, and 2014 were recruited for the study. Demographic data included age, gender, and health insurance type (private/statutory). Drug prescription, mean costs per patient, HbA1c levels, macrovascular complications, and time before first insulin prescription were analyzed. RESULTS: In all, 64 098, 77 219, and 85 004 T2DM patients were included for 2006, 2010, and 2014, respectively. The mean age (65.9-66.9 years), proportion of men (50.8\%-53.8\%), and proportion of patients with private health insurance (6.6\%-7.2\%) differed significantly for each of the 3 years. There was a 1.25-fold increase in the total costs per patient, linked with an increase in the costs associated with the use of new drugs and a decrease in those associated with the use of old drugs, respectively. HbA1c levels were slightly better regulated in 2014 than in 2006 and 2010. The share of macrovascular complications decreased significantly over time, dropping from 27.4\% in 2006 to 24.6\% in 2014. The mean duration before first insulin treatment increased from 1225 days in 2006 to 1406 days in 2014. CONCLUSIONS: The new drugs analyzed in this study had positive effects on HbA1c levels, macrovascular complications, and mean time before first insulin treatment. © 2015 Diabetes Technology Society.
This article was published in J Diabetes Sci Technol
and referenced in Metabolomics:Open Access