Author(s): Racette SB, Deusinger SS, Strube MJ, Highstein GR, Deusinger RH, Racette SB, Deusinger SS, Strube MJ, Highstein GR, Deusinger RH, Racette SB, Deusinger SS, Strube MJ, Highstein GR, Deusinger RH, Racette SB, Deusinger SS, Strube MJ, Highstein GR, Deusinger RH
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess weight changes, exercise and diet behaviors among college students from the beginning of freshman year until the end of senior year. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. SETTING: Private university in St. Louis, Missouri. PARTICIPANTS: College students (138 females, 66 males). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Weight and height were measured, body mass index (BMI) was calculated, and exercise and dietary behaviors were assessed by questionnaire. ANALYSIS: Changes in weight, BMI, exercise, and dietary patterns from the beginning of freshman year to the end of senior year. RESULTS: Females gained 1.7 +/- 4.5 kg (3.75 +/- 9.92 lb) [mean +/- SD] from freshman to senior year, and males gained 4.2 +/- 6.4 kg (9.26 +/- 14.11 lb) (both P < .001). Weight changes were highly variable between students, however, ranging from -13.2 kg to +20.9 kg (-29.10 to +46.08 lb). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Weight gain was common but variable among college students. Importantly, exercise and dietary patterns did not meet the recommended guidelines for many college students, which may have long-term health implications.
This article was published in J Nutr Educ Behav
and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy