Author(s): Koh T, Murakami Y, Tanaka S, Machino M, Onuma H,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: We have recently reported that eugenol exerted indiscriminate cytotoxicity towards normal oral cells and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines without induction of apoptosis markers. In order to investigate the underlying mechanisms of cytotoxicity induction, we investigated the effect of short-term treatment with eugenol on the metabolic profiles of a human OSCC cell line (HSC-2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The viable cell number was determined by direct cell counting with a hemocytometer after trypsinization. After washing with 5\% D-mannitol solution (found to retain the highest amounts of intracellular metabolites among several washing conditions), cellular metabolites were extracted with methanol with internal markers and then subjected to metabolomic analysis. RESULTS: Cytotoxic concentrations of eugenol induced the reduction of ATP utilization (assessed by a significant reduction of the AMP/ATP and ADP/ATP ratio), of oxidative stress (assessed by the increase in oxidized form of glutathione, cysteine-glutathione disulfide and methionine sulfoxide), and an increase in the polyamines and glycolytic metabolites. CONCLUSION: The metabolic changes observed in this study suggest the induction of non-apoptotic cell death by eugenol.
This article was published in In Vivo
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta