Author(s): Meyer A, Schmid A, Held M, Westphal AH, Rothlisberger M,
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Abstract The substrate reactivity of the flavoenzyme 2-hydroxybiphenyl 3-monooxygenase (EC, HbpA) was changed by directed evolution using error-prone PCR. In situ screening of mutant libraries resulted in the identification of proteins with increased activity towards 2-tert-butylphenol and guaiacol (2-methoxyphenol). One enzyme variant contained amino acid substitutions V368A/L417F, which were inserted by two rounds of mutagenesis. The double replacement improved the efficiency of substrate hydroxylation by reducing the uncoupled oxidation of NADH. With guaiacol as substrate, the two substitutions increased V(max) from 0.22 to 0.43 units mg(-1) protein and decreased the K'(m) from 588 to 143 microm, improving k'(cat)/K'(m) by a factor of 8.2. With 2-tert-butylphenol as the substrate, k'(cat) was increased more than 5-fold. Another selected enzyme variant contained amino acid substitution I244V and had a 30\% higher specific activity with 2-sec-butylphenol, guaiacol, and the "natural" substrate 2-hydroxybiphenyl. The K'(m) for guaiacol decreased with this mutant, but the K'(m) for 2-hydroxybiphenyl increased. The primary structure of HbpA shares 20.1\% sequence identity with phenol 2-monooxygenase from Trichosporon cutaneum. Structure homology modeling with this three-domain enzyme suggests that Ile(244) of HbpA is located in the substrate binding pocket and is involved in accommodating the phenyl substituent of the phenol. In contrast, Val(368) and Leu(417) are not close to the active site and would not have been obvious candidates for modification by rational design.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Industrial Engineering & Management