alexa Changing Wildlife Populations in Na irobi National Park and Adjoining Athi-Kaputiei Plains: Collapse of the Migratory Wildebeest
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Poultry, Fisheries & Wildlife Sciences

Author(s): Joseph O Ogutu, Samule Andanje, Paula Kahumbu, Helen Gichohi, Robin S Reid, Shem C Kifugo, Mohammed Y Said, HansPeter Piepho, Norman OwenSmith

Abstract Share this page

There is mounting concern a bout declines in wildlife populations in many protecte d areas in Africa. Migratory ungulates are especially vulnera ble to impacts of changing land use outside protected areas on their abundance. Range compression may compromise the capacity of migrants to cope with climatic variation, and accentuate both competitive interactions and predation. We analyz ed the population dynamics of 11 ungulate sp ecies within Kenya’s Nairobi National Park, and compared them to those in the adjoining Athi-K aputiei Plains, where human se ttlements and other develop- ments had expanded. The migratory wildebeest decrease d from almost 30,000 animals in 1978 to around 5,000 currently but the migratory zebra changed little regionally. Hartebeest , impala, eland, Thomson’s gazelle, Grant’s gazelle, water- buck, warthog and giraffe numbers declined regionally, whereas buffalo numbers expanded. Bimonthly counts indicated temporary movements of several species beyond the unfenced park boundaries, especially duri ng very wet years and that few wildebeest entered the park during th e dry season following exceptionally we t conditions in 1998. Wildebeest were especially vulnerable to anthropogenic impacts in their wet se ason dispersal range on the plains. Deterioration in grassland conditions in the park following high ra infall plus lack of burning may have di scouraged these animals from using the park as a dry season refuge. Our findings emphasise the interdependency between the park and the plains for seasonal wildlife movements, especially in exceptionally dry or wet ye ars. To effectively conserve these ungulates, we recommend implementation of the new land-use plan for the Athi-Kaputiei Plains by the c ounty government; expansion of the land leasing program for biodiversity payments ; collecting poacher’s snares; negotiation and enforcement of easements, allow- ing both wildlife and livestock to move through the Athi-Ka putiei Plains, providing incentive s for conservation to land- owners; and improving grassland conditions within the park through controlled burning so that more wildlife can gain protection there.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Send Orders of Reprints at The Open Conservation Biology Journal and referenced in Poultry, Fisheries & Wildlife Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version