Author(s): Viitanen PV, Lubben TH, Reed J, Goloubinoff P, OKeefe DP,
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Abstract Both the chaperonin- and MgATP-dependent reconstitution of unfolded ribulosebisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco) and the uncoupled ATPase activity of chaperonin 60 (groEL) require ionic potassium. The spontaneous, chaperonin-independent reconstitution of Rubisco, observed at 15 but not at 25 degrees C, requires no K+ and is actually inhibited by chaperonin 60, with which the unfolded or partly folded Rubisco forms a stable binary complex. The chaperonin-dependent reconstitution of Rubisco involves the formation of a complex between chaperonin 60 and chaperonin 10 (groES). Formation of this complex almost completely inhibits the uncoupled ATPase activity of chaperonin 60. Furthermore, although the formation of the chaperonin 60-chaperonin 10 complex requires the presence of MgATP, hydrolysis of ATP may not be required, since complex formation occurs in the absence of K+. The interaction of chaperonin 60 with unfolded or partly folded Rubisco does not require MgATP, K+, or chaperonin 10. However, discharge of the complex of chaperonin 60-Rubisco, which leads to the formation of active Rubisco dimers, requires chaperonin 10 and a coupled, K(+)-dependent hydrolysis of ATP. We propose that a role of chaperonin 10 is to couple the K(+)-dependent hydrolysis of ATP to the release of the folded monomers of the target protein from chaperonin 60.
This article was published in Biochemistry
and referenced in Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics