alexa Characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of patients with cardiac tamponade complicating type A acute aortic dissection
Cardiology

Cardiology

Angiology: Open Access

Author(s): Gilon D

Abstract Share this page

Cardiac tamponade (TMP) is a life-threatening complication of acute type A aortic dissection (AAD). The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of TMP in the setting of AAD on the basis of the findings in the large cohort of the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD). Six hundred seventy-four patients (mean age 61.8 +/- 14.2 years) with AAD in IRAD were studied. TMP was suspected on clinical grounds and confirmed by diagnostic imaging. Univariate testing was followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis to determine the association of TMP. TMP was detected in 126 patients with AAD (18.7%). Age did not differ between patients with and without TMP. Those with TMP less often had previous cardiac surgery (7.0% vs 17.1%, p = 0.007). Syncope (37.8% vs 13.7%, p <0.0001) and altered mental status (31.2% vs 10.6%, p <0.0001) were more common in patients with AAD with TMP than without TMP. Patients with TMP were more likely to have widened mediastina on chest x-ray (72.6% vs 60.3%, p = 0.02) and to have periaortic hematomas (44.7% vs 21.2%, p <0.0001). In-hospital outcomes were significantly worse in patients with TMP. The mortality of patients with TMP remained significantly higher, even after adjustment for baseline clinical characteristics (p <0.001). On logistic regression, altered mental status, hypotension, and early mortality were identified as independent correlates of TMP. In conclusion, TMP is not uncommon in patients with AAD. Syncope, altered mental status, and a widened mediastinum on chest x-ray on presentation suggest TMP, the presence of which warrants urgent operative therapy to improve outcome.

This article was published in Am J Cardiol and referenced in Angiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords