Author(s): Onishi Y, Eshita Y, Murashita A, Mizuno M, Yoshida J
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Abstract A stable and soapless latex of diethylaminoethyl-dextran-methyl methacrylate (DEAE-dextran-MMA) graft copolymer (DDMC) has been developed for nonviral gene delivery vectors that are possible to autoclave. DDMC relatively easily formed a polyion complex between DNA and DDMC by the hydrophobic force of graft poly(MMA) depending on its large positive entropy change (DeltaS). DDMC has been confirmed as having a high protection facility for DNase by DNase degradation test.Transfection activity was determined using the beta-galactosidase assay, and a higher value of 16 times or more was confirmed for the DDMC samples in comparison with one of the starting DEAE-dextran hydrochloride samples. The resulting DDMC, having an amphiphilic domain so as to form a polymer micelle, should become a stable latex with a hydrophilic-hydrophobic microseparated domain. The complex of DDMC and plasmid DNA may be formed on the spherical structure of the amphiphilic microseparated domain of DDMC and have a good affinity to the cell membrane. The infrared absorption spectrum shift to a high-energy direction at around 3450 cm(-1), because of the complexes between DNA and DDMC, may cause the formation of more compact structures, not only by a coulomb force between the phosphoric acid of DNA and the DEAE group of DEAE-dextran copolymer but also by a force from the multi-intermolecule hydrogen bond in the backbone polymer DEAE-dextran and a hydrophobic force from the graft poly(MMA) in DDMC. It is thus concluded that DNA condensation may possibly have a high transfection efficiency via DDMC. The high efficiency of this graft copolymer, which is sterilized by an autoclave, may thus make it a valuable tool for safe gene delivery.
This article was published in Nanomedicine
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology