alexa Characteristics of Poly-L-Ornithine-coated alginate microcapsules.


Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

Author(s): Darrabie MD, Kendall WF Jr, Opara EC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Poly-L-Lysine (PLL) is the most widely used biomaterial for providing perm-selectivity in alginate microcapsules for islet transplantation. We had previously reported that Poly-L-Ornithine (PLO) is less immunogenic than PLL, and in the present study, we have compared the physical characteristics of PLO- and PLL-coated hollow alginate microcapsules. Microspheres made with 1.5\% alginate were divided into 2 groups that were first coated with either 0.1\% PLO or PLL, followed by a second coating with 0.25\% alginate. After liquefaction of the inner alginate core with sodium citrate, the microcapsules were washed with saline and used for experiments. Pore size exclusion studies were performed with FITC-labeled lectins incubated with encapsulated pig islets followed by examination for fluorescence activity. Mechanical strength was assessed by an osmotic pressure test and by 36 h of mechanical agitation of microcapsules with inert soda lime beads. The pore size exclusion limit of microcapsules after 20 min of coating was significantly smaller with PLO. While the mean +/- SEM diameter of PLL-coated microcapsules increased from 718+/-17 to 821 +/- 17 microm (p < 0.05) during 14 days incubation at 37 degrees C, the PLO group did not change in size. Also, PLL group had a higher percentage of broken capsules (52.7 +/- 4.9\%) compared to 3.1 +/- 2.05\% for PLO capsules (p < 0.0001,n = 6). We conclude that PLO-coated alginate microcapsules are mechanically stronger and provide better perm-selectivity than PLL-coated microcapsules. This article was published in Biomaterials and referenced in Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version