alexa Characteristics of Poly-L-Ornithine-coated alginate microcapsules.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

Author(s): Darrabie MD, Kendall WF Jr, Opara EC

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Abstract Poly-L-Lysine (PLL) is the most widely used biomaterial for providing perm-selectivity in alginate microcapsules for islet transplantation. We had previously reported that Poly-L-Ornithine (PLO) is less immunogenic than PLL, and in the present study, we have compared the physical characteristics of PLO- and PLL-coated hollow alginate microcapsules. Microspheres made with 1.5\% alginate were divided into 2 groups that were first coated with either 0.1\% PLO or PLL, followed by a second coating with 0.25\% alginate. After liquefaction of the inner alginate core with sodium citrate, the microcapsules were washed with saline and used for experiments. Pore size exclusion studies were performed with FITC-labeled lectins incubated with encapsulated pig islets followed by examination for fluorescence activity. Mechanical strength was assessed by an osmotic pressure test and by 36 h of mechanical agitation of microcapsules with inert soda lime beads. The pore size exclusion limit of microcapsules after 20 min of coating was significantly smaller with PLO. While the mean +/- SEM diameter of PLL-coated microcapsules increased from 718+/-17 to 821 +/- 17 microm (p < 0.05) during 14 days incubation at 37 degrees C, the PLO group did not change in size. Also, PLL group had a higher percentage of broken capsules (52.7 +/- 4.9\%) compared to 3.1 +/- 2.05\% for PLO capsules (p < 0.0001,n = 6). We conclude that PLO-coated alginate microcapsules are mechanically stronger and provide better perm-selectivity than PLL-coated microcapsules. This article was published in Biomaterials and referenced in Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

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