Author(s): Gallo JM, Escalier D, Grellier P, Prcigout E, Albert M,
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Abstract Among the monoclonal antibodies (MAb) selected after immunization of mice with a detergent-insoluble fraction from human spermatozoa, MAb 4D4 was found to stain in immunofluorescence the principal part of the acrosome of human spermatozoa. Acrosome reaction induced decreased and spotty 4D4 immunofluorescence staining. Immunoelectron microscopy before or after embedding revealed that the epitope defined by MAb 4D4 was sequestered in the anterior acrosomal matrix and, after the acrosome reaction, remained partly bound on matrix elements attached to the inner acrosomal membrane. Western blot analysis of sperm extracts showed that the epitope defined by MAb 4D4 was located on a 55 KD polypeptide in whole cells and on 55 and 50 KD polypeptides in non-ionic detergent fractions. Human proacrosin-enriched fraction obtained by FPLC purification exhibited several proteolytic activities against gelatin in gel enzymography: a 50 KD major band and two minor bands in the 20-30 KD area; the 50 KD polypeptide reacted with MAb 4D4 in Western blots. Furthermore, the 4D4-immunoprecipitated polypeptide from sperm extract showed that the 50 KD band exhibited proteolytic activity with an optimal pH at 8.0 that was strongly inhibited by soybean trypsin inhibitor and ZnCl2. MAb 4D4 also reacted with the acrosome of the monkey Macaca fascicularis but not with the acrosome of any of the other non-primate mammalian species examined so far. Various shape defects of the acrosomal principal region were revealed by 4D4 labeling of spermatozoa with head anomalies from infertile patients. MAb 4D4 also recognized proacrosin in paraffin-embedded human testis sections. These data make the monoclonal antiproacrosin antibody 4D4 an efficient tool for evaluation of the acrosomal status of human spermatozoa and spermatids.
This article was published in J Histochem Cytochem
and referenced in Entomology, Ornithology & Herpetology: Current Research