Author(s): Shin JM, Inatomi N, Munson K, Strugatsky D, Tokhtaeva E,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Inhibition of the gastric H,K-ATPase by the potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB) 1-[5-(2-fluorophenyl)-1-(pyridin-3-ylsulfonyl)-1H-pyrrol-3-yl]-N-methylmethanamine (TAK-438), is strictly K(+)-competitive with a K(i) of 10 nM at pH 7. In contrast to previous P-CABs, this structure has a point positive charge (pK(a) 9.06) allowing for greater accumulation in parietal cells compared with previous P-CABs [e.g., (8-benzyloxy-2-methyl-imidazo(1,2-a)pyridin-3-yl)acetonitrile (SCH28080), pK(a) 5.6]. The dissociation rate of the compound from the isolated ATPase is slower than other P-CABs, with the t(1/2) being 7.5 h in 20 mM KCl at pH 7. The stoichiometry of binding of TAK-438 to the H,K-ATPase is 2.2 nmol/mg in the presence of Mg-ATP, vanadate, or MgP(i). However, TAK-438 also binds enzyme at 1.3 nmol/mg in the absence of Mg(2+). Modeling of the H,K-ATPase to the homologous Na,K-ATPase predicts a close approach and hydrogen bonding between the positively charged N-methylamino group and the negatively charged Glu795 in the K(+)-binding site in contrast to the planar diffuse positive charge of previous P-CABs. This probably accounts for the slow dissociation and high affinity. The model also predicts hydrogen bonding between the hydroxyl of Tyr799 and the oxygens of the sulfonyl group of TAK-438. A Tyr799Phe mutation resulted in a 3-fold increase of the dissociation rate, showing that this hydrogen bonding also contributes to the slow dissociation rate. Hence, this K(+)-competitive inhibitor of the gastric H,K-ATPase should provide longer-lasting inhibition of gastric acid secretion compared with previous drugs of this class.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacovigilance