Author(s): Oosterveld A, Beldman G, Schols HA, Voragen AG
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Abstract Pectic polysaccharides were extracted from sugar beet pulp to yield fractions representing homogalacturonans, rhamnogalacturonans, arabinans and relatively small amounts of glucomannans and xyloglucans. The homogalacturonans had an apparent molecular weight of 21 kDa and contained relatively high amounts of methyl esters and relatively low amounts of acetyl groups as compared with the ramified 'hairy' regions. Three populations which originated from the ramified 'hairy' regions of pectin were distinguished. Two of these were rhamnogalacturonans with high apparent molecular weights of 1300 and 120 kDa, respectively. These populations had a high Ara and ferulic acid content. Despite the high neutral sugar content, these rhamnogalacturonans strongly bound to a DEAE column. The third population which originated from the ramified 'hairy' regions was a neutral population, which did not interact with the DEAE column and had a low apparent molecular weight and a high Ara and ferulic acid content. The arabinan side-chains of the rhamnogalacturonans were heavily branched in all populations. Enzymatic degradation of the xyloglucans showed similarities with apple xyloglucans with respect to the substitution with Fuc and Gal.
This article was published in Carbohydr Res
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences