Author(s): Bu L, Wang K, Zhao QL, Wei LL, Zhang J,
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Abstract Landfill leachate is generally characterized as a complex recalcitrant wastewater containing high concentration of dissolved organic matter (DOM). A combination of sequencing batch reactor (SBR)+aeration corrosive cell-Fenton (ACF)+granular activated carbon (GAC) adsorption in series was proposed for the purpose of removing pollutants in the leachate. Fractionation was also performed to investigate the composition changes and characteristics of the leachate DOM in each treatment process. Experimental results showed that organic matter, in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD), 5-day biological oxygen demand (BOD(5)), and dissolved organic carbon (DOC), was reduced by 97.2\%, 99.1\%, and 98.7\%, respectively. To differentiate the DOM portions, leachates were separated into five fractions by XAD-8 and XAD-4 resins: hydrophobic acid (HPO-A), hydrophobic neutral (HPO-N), transphilic acid (TPI-A), transphilic neutral (TPI-N), and hydrophilic fraction (HPI). The predominant fraction in the raw leachate was HPO-A (36\% of DOC), while the dominant fraction in the final effluent was HPI (53\% of DOC). Accordingly, macromolecules were degraded to simpler ones in a relatively narrow range below 1000 Da. Spectral and chromatographic analyses also showed that most humic-like substances in all fractions were effectively removed during the treatments and led to a simultaneous decrease in aromaticity. 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Hazard Mater
and referenced in Hydrology: Current Research