Author(s): Wright CD, Cody WL, Dunbar JB Jr, Doherty AM, Hingorani GP,
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Abstract The chemotactic response of human neutrophils to endothelins (ET) and ET-derived peptides was examined. ET-1, ET-2, and ET-3 elicited maximum responses at 10(-7), 3.3 x 10(-8) and 10(-7) M, respectively. Relative activities of the peptides at their optimal concentrations were: ET-1, ET-2 > ET-3. The chemotactic activity of ET-1 was localized to its Leu6-Met7-Asp8 segment. Conformation of the disulfide-linked Cys3-Cys11 loop appears to be critical for proper orientation of the chemotactic epitope. In comparison, ET-1 failed to stimulate the neutrophil respiratory burst, degranulation or arachidonic acid metabolism. These results demonstrate the selective chemoattractant activity of endothelins for human neutrophils.
This article was published in Life Sci
and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access